Sermon #106 Luke Sermons
Title: The Great Supper
Text: Luke 14:15-24
Subject: The Parable of the Great Supper
Tape # X-83b
Our Lord Jesus is in the house of one of the chief Pharisees. He had performed a great miracle on the sabbath day, healing a man of the dropsy. The Pharisees and religious legalists, of course, were terribly offended by that act of mercy (vv. 1-6).
Then, the Master gave out a parable declaring his own method of grace and salvation (vv. 7-11).
(Luke 14:7-11) "And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them, (8) When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him; (9) And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room. (10) But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee. (11) For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted."
In verses 12-14, he very pointedly applied the parable, speaking directly to the Pharisee who had invited him to dinner, exposing that man’s hypocrisy.
(Luke 14:12-14) "Then said he also to him that bade him, When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor thy rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee again, and a recompense be made thee. (13) But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind: (14) And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just."
But there was one man in the crowd who heard and understood what the Savior was saying. Look at verse 15.
14:15) "And when one of them that
sat at meat with him heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed
is he that shall eat bread in the
It is in response to this man’s assertion that our Lord spoke the parable recorded in verses 16-24.
(Luke 14:16-24) "Then said he unto him, A certain man made a great supper, and bade many: (17) And sent his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things are now ready. (18) And they all with one consent began to make excuse. The first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, and I must needs go and see it: I pray thee have me excused. (19) And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them: I pray thee have me excused. (20) And another said, I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come. (21) So that servant came, and showed his lord these things. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind. (22) And the servant said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room. (23) And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled. (24) For I say unto you, That none of those men which were bidden shall taste of my supper."
This is a parable full of instruction. May God the Holy Spirit now teach us its meaning and apply it to our hearts.
A Great Supper
Ver. 16. “Then said he unto him”—to the man who had
is he that shall eat bread in the
“A certain man made a great supper”—This is not the Lord’s supper, which had not yet been established. And this is not the marriage supper of the Lamb, which will take place at the end of time. This great supper is the gospel feast of the boundless grace of God.
It is called a "supper"; because made in the end of the world, in the last days. It is called a "great" one, because He who made the supper is the King of kings, and Lord of lords. It is great supper, a feast of fat things, of wine upon lees well refined.
· A Supper Provided by The Great God
· A Supper Table Spread at Great Cost—The Blood
· A Supper with Great Provisions
· A Supper for Great Sinners with Great Need
· A Supper for a Great Multitude
· A Supper to Last a Great Time—The End of Time
“And bade many”—Certainly, the reference here is to the Jews, the many physical descendants of Abraham to whom alone God sent the gospel throughout the Old Testament.
· The Prophets
· The Law
· John the Baptist
· The Lord Jesus
· The Apostles
But we dare not limit the parable’s message to the Jews. This word of God is to be applied to all who are privileged to hear the gospel of the grace of God. The King of Heaven has made a great supper and bids you and me come to the supper.
Ver. 17. “And sent his servant at supper time”—The servant here may refer to John the Baptist, or to the Lord Jesus, to the Apostles of Christ, or to the Spirit of God. Certainly, the servant is representative of every servant of God who is sent forth to preach the gospel of the grace of God to perishing sinners.
“To say to them that were bidden, come”—Gospel preachers are God’s servants, sent forth into the world to call sinners to the table of grace, to call sinners to Christ.
Now, watch this. We proclaim, all God’s servants proclaim a feast of God’s providing.—“for all things are now ready.”
· Righteousness Ready to Wear
· Pardon Ready to Give
· Redemption to Bestow
· Salvation Ready to Give
· Sonship Ready to Bestow
· No Gifts Accpted!
Excuses For Unbelief
Ver. 18. “And they all with one consent began to make excuse”—Unbelievable as it may appear, all who are called to Christ make excuses not to come. All who are called make the same excuses. All who are called of God by the gospel to life and salvation in Christ, all who are called to believe on the Son of God, all who are bidden to follow Christ, have (in their own minds) completely reasonable excuses for disobedience. Rather than praying to God for mercy, they say, “I pray thee have me excused!”
“The first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, or a field, and I must needs go and see it. I pray thee have me excused.”
Ver. 19. “And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them: I pray thee have me excused.”
Ver. 20. “And another said, I have married a wife and therefore I cannot come.”
“The first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, and I must needs go and see it.” What fool would buy a piece of ground, and then go see it? He bought a piece of ground from a man without seeing it. What confidence he must have had in that man.—But he has no confidence in God!
The second was worse. “And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them.” He bought five yoke of oxen without knowing whether they could bear a yoke or pull a cart, taking a man’s word for it. You will do that. But you will not believe God!
The excuse which the third makes, is worst of all. “I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.” Had he said, I will not come, would at least have told the truth. It is not your impotence that keeps you from Christ, but your will, your want of a will to trust him.
· He who has married a wife is doubly responsible to come to the feast. He is responsible for himself and his wife.
· If his wife will not come, he is a fool to let her keep him away.—They that have wives must be as though they had none. We must not allow carnal unions, sentiments, and affections to keep us from following Christ.—Adam paid a very high price for hearkening to the voice of his wife. Our Lord requires that we forsake husbands and wives, sons and daughters, mothers and fathers, as well as houses and lands, if we would be his disciples.
The Servant’s Report
Ver. 21. “So that servant came and showed his Lord these things”—Gospel preachers watch over the souls of men as those who must give account (Heb. 13:7, 17).
“Then the master of the house being angry”—You may think it is a light thing to trample the blood of Christ under your feet, but that will not always be the case. God almighty will make you see how offensive your unbelief is to him (Pro. -33; 29:1).
“And said to his servants, go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city; and bring in hither the poor”—
· Who have no bread for their souls.
· No righteous garments, but only filthy rags.
· No money to buy.
· No means to pay their debt.
· Poor in spirit.
“And the maimed”—Impotent, helpless sinners, without strength, without hope, without life, without help.
“And the halt”—Lost people. People halting because they do not know where to go for grace and mercy and help, and do not know the way. Not only lost and ignorant, but cripple, being maimed by a terrible fall.
“And the blind”—Yes, the Lord God bids us go out and call poor, maimed, halt, blind sinners to the feast of grace, the blind who cannot see, the halt who cannot come, and the poor who have nothing to bring!
Plenty of Room
Ver. 22. “And the servant said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded; and yet there is room.”
There is plenty of room in the house of grace and penty of bread for hungry sinners.
Ver. 23. “And the Lord said unto the servant go out into the highways and hedges: and compel them to come in”— Yes, we are to compel, persuade, and force sinners by the persuasive preaching of the gospel to come to Christ (2 Cor. -6:2).
This shows us “the nature of the Gospel ministry, which is to persuade Japheth to dwell in the tents of Shem; and the power that attends it by the divine Spirit; the case and condition of souls, who are generally bashful and backward, judging themselves unworthy; as also the earnest desire, and great liberality of Christ, the master of the feast.” (John Gill)
“That my house may be filled”—And filled it shall
be! God’s house shall be filled with chosen, redeemed sinners, as a sheepfold
filled with a flock of sheep. And each one shall be filled with grace and
glory. “And so all
Ver. 24. “For I say unto you, that none of those men that were bidden shall taste of my supper.”
1. There is an infinite, boundless provision of grace in Christ for all who want it. Christ is the Bread on the table. All who are hungry are welcome to eat. Christ is the Water of Life. All who are thirsty are welcome to drink.
(Isa 55:1) "Ho, every one that thirsteth, come ye to the waters, and he that hath no money; come ye, buy, and eat; yea, come, buy wine and milk without money and without price."
(Mat 11:28-30) "Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. (29) Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. (30) For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light."
(John 6:37) "All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out."
(John 7:37) "In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink."
2. If you perish in your sins, if you go to hell, if you will not come to the bounteous feast of grace, you will have no one to blame but yourself.—Then your lands and oxen and relations will be fuel for the fires of your everlasting torment.
3. How can I compel you to come to Christ (2 Cor. -6:2).
· The Love Of Christ!
· A New Creation!
· A Finished Redemption!
· The Urgency of Obedience!
 Though there are clearly points of similarity between this and the parable of the wedding feast in Matthew 22, these are two distinct parables, spoken on two separate occasions.
 A. W. Pink wrote, “In Luke 14:16 we read, "A certain man made a great supper, and bade many." By comparing carefully what follows here with Matt. 22:2-10 several important distinctions will be observed. We take it that these passages are two independent accounts of the same parable, differing in detail according to the distinctive purpose and design of the Holy Spirit in each Gospel. Matthew's account - in harmony with the Spirit's presentation there of Christ as the Son of David, the King of the Jews - says, "A certain king made a marriage for his son." Luke's account - where the Spirit presents Christ as the Son of Man - says, "A certain man made a great supper and bade many." Matt. 22:3 says, "And sent forth His servants;" Luke 14:17 says, "And sent His servant." Now what we wish particularly to call attention to is, that all through Matthew's account it is "servants," whereas in Luke it is always "servant." The class of readers for whom we are writing are those that believe unreservedly, in the verbal inspiration of the Scriptures, and such will readily acknowledge that there must be some reason for this change from the plural number in Matthew to the singular one in Luke. We believe the reason is a weighty one and that attention to this variation reveals an important truth. We believe that the servants in Matthew, speaking generally, are all who go forth preaching the Gospel, but that the "Servant" in Luke 14 is the Holy Spirit Himself. This is not incongruous, or derogatory to the Holy Spirit, for God the Son, in the days of His earthly ministry, was the Servant of Jehovah (Isa. 42:1). It will be observed that in Matt. 22 the "servants" are sent forth to do three things: first, to "call" to the wedding (v. 3); second, to "tell those which are bidden ... all things are ready; come unto the marriage (v. 4); third, to "bid to the marriage" (v. 9); and these three are the things which those who minister the Gospel today are now doing. In Luke 14 the Servant is also sent forth to do three things: first, He is "to say to them that were bidden, Come: for all things are now ready" (v. 17); second, He is to "bring in the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind" (v. 21); third, He is to "compel them to come in" (v. 25), and the last two of these the Holy Spirit alone can do!
In the above scripture we see that "the Servant," the Holy Spirit, compels certain ones to come into the "supper" and herein is seen His sovereignty, His omnipotency, His divine sufficiency. The clear implication from this word "compel" is, that those whom the Holy Spirit does "bring in" are not willing of themselves to come.”