Sermon #2016 — Miscellaneous Sermons
Title: “Barabbas, or Jesus?”
Text: Matthew 27:15-26
Subject: Barabbas — A Picture of Substitution
Date: Sunday Morning — October 7, 2012
Reading: Matthew 27:1-54
2 Corinthians 5:1-21
Of all the doctrines taught in the Word of God, none is so vitally important as the doctrine of substitution. Substitution is the message I preach incessantly at here and around the world. Substitution is the message of this Book. If you will open your Bibles to the 27th chapter of Matthew’s Gospel I want to try, once more, to show you a vivid, vivid picture of substitution — Matthew 27:15-26.
(Matthew 27:15-26) “Now at [that] feast the governor was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would. 16 And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas. 17 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ? 18 For he knew that for envy they had delivered him. 19 When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him. 20 But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. 21 The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas. 22 Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? [They] all say unto him, Let him be crucified. 23 And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified. 24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but [that] rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed [his] hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye [to it]. 25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood [be] on us, and on our children. 26 ¶ Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered [him] to be crucified.”
Luke puts it this way…
“And he released unto them him that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus to their will.” (Luke 23:25)
Men everywhere talk about substitutionary atonement. They speak much about Christ, the sinner’s Substitute. But their language is vague. And very few people understand what the Bible teaches about substitution. It is for this reason that I want us to look at the story of Barabbas. Here we have a clear illustration of the nature of Christ’s death. It was a substitutionary sacrifice and atonement. The innocent died in the place of the guilty, and the guilty must go free.
You are all familiar with the story. It is recorded by all four of the gospel writers. During the days of Israel’s subjection to Rome, a strange custom was regularly practiced. On the day of the Passover the Roman governor released a guilty prisoner. No doubt, this was intended to be an act of benevolence on the part of the Roman authorities toward the Jews. The Jews probably accepted it as a significant compliment to their Passover celebrations. Since on that day the Jews were themselves delivered out of the land of Egypt, they may have thought it a most fitting thing for some prisoner to obtain his freedom.
Since some prisoner must be released on the Day of Atonement, Pilate thought that he now had opportunity to allow the Lord Jesus to go free, without compromising himself in the eyes of his superiors at Rome. So he asked the people which of the two they preferred, a notorious criminal or the holy Savior. —“Barabbas, or Jesus?” Without hesitation or dissension, the crowd cried for the release of Barabbas and the death of Christ. Pilate’s last effort to release Christ had failed — “And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified” (Mark 15:15)
Who Barabbas was we do not know. His name signifies — “His father’s son.” Some mystics think that there is an indication here that he was particularly and specially the son of Satan. Others suppose that it was an endearing name, a name given to him because he was his father’s darling, a child indulged by his father, or, as we would say, “his daddy’s boy.”
Barabbas had committed at least three crimes. He was imprisoned for murder, sedition, and robbery. We might well pity the father of such a son. This wretch is brought out and set in competition with the holy Son of God! And the poor inhabitants of Jerusalem were so hardened in their unbelief and sin, so thirsty for the innocent blood of Christ that they preferred this obnoxious creature to the man who is God’s own Fellow!
This fact is very significant. There is more teaching in it than we might realize at first glance. In this act of freeing the guilty and binding the innocent, we have a vivid example of salvation by substitution. The guilty is set free and the innocent is put to death in his place. Barabbas is spared, and Christ is crucified. We have in this striking event a display of the manner in which God saves, pardons, and justifies the ungodly. He does it because Christ has suffered and died in their stead, the Just for the unjust. We deserve to die for the punishment of our sins; but a mighty Substitute has suffered our punishment. Eternal death is our due; but a glorious Surety has died for us. We are all in the position of Barabbas by nature. We are guilty, wicked, condemned and shut up under the law. But when we were without hope and without strength, — “in due time Christ died for the ungodly.” And now God, for Christ’s sake, can be just and yet “the Justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.”
In the Old Testament rite of cleansing lepers, two birds were used. One bird was killed, and its blood was poured into a basin. The other bird was dipped into the blood, and then, with its wings covered with crimson, it was set free to fly into the open air. The slain bird typified our Savior whose blood was shed at Mt. Calvary. And every soul that by faith is plunged into the...
“Fountain filled with blood,
Drawn from Immanuel’s veins,
is set free, owing its life and liberty to the Savior who was once for sinners slain. That is substitution. Here’s the picture: — Barabbas must die, or Christ must die. You the sinner must perish, or Christ, the immaculate Lamb of God, must be slain. Behold, the Incarnate God dies that we may be delivered.
Proposition: The Lord Jesus Christ suffered in the place of sinners like Barabbas, satisfying the wrath and justice of God; and like Barabbas all those sinners for whom Christ made satisfaction must go free.
Divisions: May God the Holy Spirit be our Teacher as we look into this portion of Holy Scripture. The title of my message is taken from verse 17 in our text. — “Barabbas, or Jesus?”. Oh, may God be pleased to grant pardon and salvation to you by Christ Jesus. I want you to see four things about this man Barabbas.
1. Barabbas was a man guilty of many offenses.
2. Barabbas was a prisoner under the sentence of the law.
3. A Substitute was provided to die in Barabbas’ place.
4. Because Christ died, Barabbas was set free.
A Guilty Man
The first thing I want you to see is this: — Barabbas was a man guilty of many offenses. We sometimes say that a man is “as guilty as sin.” Well Barabbas was as guilty as sin. His life was a life of riotousness and sin. He was tried in a court of law and found guilty of robbery, sedition, and murder. As such he is a fair representative of all men by nature. We could all be named “Barabbas.” We are all the sons of our father Adam. His image, his nature, and his character are reflected in us all.
Like Barabbas, we are all rebels. Barabbas stirred up sedition. He was a revolutionary. That is a modern name for rebels. He would not submit to authority. This is the problem with our race. We are proud, self-willed rebels. We hate authority.
1. In our father Adam, we rebelled against God’s command.
2. We are born with a rebellious nature.
3. In pride and self-will, we rebelled all the days of our lives against God’s throne.
4. We sinfully rebel against God’s holy law. Man acts like he does, simply because God says, “Don’t do that.” Man sees the good and refuses to do it, simply because God says, “Do it.”
5. And we are steadfast and persistent in our rebellion. — As children, we rebelled against parents and teachers. — As adults, we rebel against moral and civil authority. — Even as believers, we have a nature within us that rebels against everything holy and good (Romans 7:14, 15, 18).
(Romans 7:14-15) “For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin. 15 For that which I do I allow not: for what I would, that do I not; but what I hate, that do I.”
(Romans 7:18) “For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not.”
And Like Barabbas, we are all robbers. It was Adam’s determination to rob God of his authority, of his creation, and of his glory. And that is what man does by his sin.
1. We have robbed God of his glory, refusing to worship him.
2. We have robbed God of his honor, refusing to believe his Word.
3. We have robbed God of his creation, stealing that which God has made for himself and using it for ourselves, without regard to him.
4. We have robbed ourselves and our children.
· Of the Blessedness of Our Original Creation.
· Of Fellowship with God.
· Of the Image of God.
· Of True Freedom.
· Of the Favor of God.
· Of Life.
Through our sin and rebellion our race is reduced to nothing but emptiness and vanity. Once we were princes of God’s creation. Now we are empty handed thieves.
Ephesians 2:11-12 “Wherefore remember, that ye being in time past Gentiles in the flesh, who are called Uncircumcision by that which is called the Circumcision in the flesh made by hands; (12) That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:”
Once more, like Barabbas, we are all murderers. In the course of his rebellion and robbery, Barabbas had committed murder. So have we all. There is not a guiltless one among us.
1. We have all committed multiple murders in our hearts. — Envy, hatred, anger, wrath, and malice are in the eyes of God’s law equal to murder (Matthew 5:21-22).
(Matthew 5:21-22) “Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: 22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.”
2. We have infected our children with the deadly disease of sin. Sin is a plague of the heart. It is a family disease passed on from generation to generation.
3. What is more, we are all guilty of the blood of the Son of God. Yes we are guilty of slaughtering the Lord of Glory!
4. We must never to forget what we are by nature.
Matthew 15:19 “For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies.”
There is not an evil deed, or atrocious crime, or an infamous sin recorded on the pages of human history which does not reside, in potential, in the heart of every man, woman, and child in the world. Well could we all be named “Barabbas”!
Look to the book of God’s law. Read every command of God. By them we stand judged. The verdict is guilty! Guilty! Guilty! Like Barabbas we are guilty of many offenses.
Now, in the second place, Barabbas was a prisoner under the sentence of the law. Barabbas had been found guilty. The sentence was passed. Barabbas must die. On the day when the Jews observed their Passover, two thieves were to be crucified. And Barabbas was to be crucified in the midst of them, for he was the vilest of the three. The order had been given: “Take him away. Bind him hand and foot in the prison until the day of his execution.”
Picture Barabbas in that prison. He expected very soon to be taken out, nailed to a cross and hung up to die, as the just payment for his crimes. He was held under the sentence of the law. That is just the condition of every person in the world by nature.
John 3:36 “He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.”
Romans 3:19 “Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.”
Galatians 3:10 “For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.”
Galatians 3:22-23 “The scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe. (23) But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.”
Ephesians 2:3 We all “were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.”
Man’s bondage is as cruel and terrible as it is sure. Men today like to boast of their independence and freedom. We are told, “I’m going to do my own thing.” But they are only doing exactly the same thing that men have been doing for six thousand years, — mindlessly following each other like prisoners chained together. Man is not free. He is in bondage. He is in bondage to religious tradition, social custom, and peer pressure. And man by nature is in bondage to sin. He is in bondage to his own nature and the lusts of his own heart.
You have resolved many times to change. You may have even succeeded in reforming your outward behavior somewhat. But your character, your nature, your will is in bondage.
· You are in the bondage of despair.
· You are in the bondage of helplessness.
· You are in the bondage of hopelessness.
· You are in the bondage of conscious guilt before God.
Christ alone can set the prisoner free! — “If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed!” We were “such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being bound in affliction and iron.” Then we cried unto the Lord in our trouble, and he saved us out of all our distresses. — “He brought us out of darkness and the shadow of death, and brake our bands in sunder! (Psalm 107:10-14). Oh imprisoned sinner, cry out for mercy. Christ can make you free!
I tell you also that the law’s sentence is fixed and immutable. — “The soul that sinneth, it shall die!” God has spoken. There is no reprieve. There is no amnesty. There is no repeal.
I tell you that man by nature is under the sentence and curse of God’s holy law.
The law of God demands your death. You are not on probation. You are on death row. The God of heaven judges you to be guilty. Your own conscience consents to the verdict. The sentence is passed. The only thing lacking is the appointed day of execution.
Is there therefore no hope for a sinner like Barabbas? Must all the guilty forever perish? Will God not have mercy? Is there anyway whereby God can be faithful to his holy law and yet pardon sin? Is there any means whereby God can both satisfy his justice and let the sinner live? God will not show mercy at the expense of his justice. But he will show mercy if justice can be satisfied in a Substitute. Blessed be the name of the Lord, there is hope for sinners, for the Lord God has found a Substitute!
So mark this third fact and rejoice: — A Substitute was provided to die in Barabbas’ place. The Roman soldier came and unlocked Barabbas’ prison door, took off his shackles and said, “Barabbas, you’re free to go. Jesus of Nazareth is going to die in your place.” That, my friend, is real substitution.
Illustration: One Room Schoolhouse
Now, beloved, that One who suffered and died as Barabbas’ Substitute is our Substitute. His name is Jesus Christ, the Lord. He is God’s own, well-beloved Son. He is the only Substitute God can or will accept.
Romans 3:24-26 “Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: (25) Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God; (26) To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.”
2 Corinthians 5:21 “For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”
1 Peter 2:24 “Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed.”
The sinner’s Substitute must be a suitable person, able and willing to redeem. Whoever undertakes to reconcile a holy God and sinful men, must himself be both God and man.
Behold, the God-man, our Savior. Being God he is able to redeem. Being man he is able to suffer. Being the God-man he is an all-sufficient Redeemer, both able and willing to save! In order to be a Substitute for others, our Redeemer must be perfect and sinless — “He knew no sin.”
The Lord Jesus Christ suffered the just punishment due to our sins, as our Substitute. Christ was made sin for us; and because he was made sin for us the holy Lord God imputed our sins to his darling Son!
And by a marvelous transfer of grace, the Lord God has made us the righteousness of God in his Son, Christ Jesus.
Barabbas Set Free
Now, in the last place, I want you to see that because Christ died in his place, Barabbas was set free. Jesus Christ took Barabbas’ place at Calvary. Therefore Barabbas did not die. There is a glorious truth here: — All of those for whom the Son of God died at Calvary must be set free.
It is not possible for the law to punish my Substitute and punish me too. Not one soul for whom Jesus Christ died shall be found in hell. The cross of Christ can never be discovered a miscarriage. The blood of Christ cannot be spilled in vain. — “He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied.” This is real substitution. Any doctrine that teaches that God will both punish Christ and punish those for whom Christ died is not substitution and is not the gospel.
Illustration: “Let these go their way” (John 18:8).
From whence this fear and unbelief?
Hath no the Father put to grief
His spotless Son for me?
And will the righteous Judge of men,
Condemn me for that debt of sin,
Which, Lord, was charged on Thee?
Complete atonement Thou hast made,
And to the utmost farthing paid
Whate’er Thy people owed:
Nor can His wrath on me take place,
If sheltered in Thy righteousness,
And sprinkled with Thy blood.
If Thou has my discharge procured,
And freely in my room endured
The whole of wrath divine:
Payment God cannot twice demand,
First at my bleeding Surety’s hand,
And then again at mine.
Then turn, my soul, unto thy rest;
The merits of thy great High Priest
Have bought thy liberty.
Trust in His efficacious blood,
Nor fear thy banishment from God,
Since Jesus died for thee.
Understand this: — The sin-atoning death of our Lord Jesus Christ was a satisfactory substitution!
And every guilty sinner for whom Jesus Christ died at Calvary must be set free! So the question to be answered is this: — For whom did Christ die?
How does the Son of God set the prisoners free?
Oh may Christ open the doors of the prison for you and set you free.
Listen to this preacher, you are under the sentence of God’s holy law and you will surely die, unless you find a place of refuge in Christ, the Substitute God has provided. Somehow, you must get to Christ. Christ alone can set you free.
How does a guilty sinner come to Christ?
What does Christ give those who come to him?
Children of God, live as those who have been made free by Christ. Live as ransomed sinners…
You are bought with a price, the price of the precious blood of Christ. Let us therefore glorify God in our bodies and in our spirits. We are not our own. We have been bought with the precious blood of Christ!
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