Sermon #11[i] Leviticus Sermons
Title: The Trespass Offering
The Glory of the Cross
Text: Leviticus 5:1-6:7
Subject: The Teachings of the Trespass Offerings
Date: Sunday Morning – July 7,3, 2001
Rescue Baptist Church – Rescue CA
Tape # W-44b
Reading: Leviticus 5:1-6:7
What is the attraction of the cross? What is its glory? No doubt, you who are taught of God could give several one-word answers to those questions. The glory of the cross is – Substitution. – Satisfaction. – Redemption. But I doubt you would say, “Turn with me to Leviticus 5, and I will show you.” After this morning’s message, I think you might.
We read the entire text earlier. So, let’s just refresh our minds by reading a few summary verses, before I endeavor to show you the typical teaching of the trespass-offerings.
[Leviticus 5:14-19] "And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,  If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering:  And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.  And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the LORD; though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity.  And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his ignorance wherein he erred and wist it not, and it shall be forgiven him.  It is a trespass offering: he hath certainly trespassed against the LORD."
In the fourth chapter God gave Moses and the children of Israel the law of the sin-offering. Primarily, that law dealt with the corruption of our nature and the necessity of us being brought by the grace of God to acknowledge and confess our need of Christ as our Substitute, who was portrayed in the sin-offerings.
The trespass-offering and the sin-offering, though similar and very closely connected, are distinct in many ways.
Proposition: Like the sin-offering, the trespass-offering was required by God, teaching us that the only way sinners can approach the holy Lord God and find forgiveness and acceptance with him is through the blood atonement of the Lord Jesus Christ, our Substitute.
In all the offerings three things stand out with prominence. We must never neglect these three things, or pass over them lightly.
1. Sin and its Acknowledgement.
2. Blood Atonement – Substitution!
3. Grace – Atonement and Forgiveness by the Blood!
Let me show you four things in this message. Particularly, I want you to see four distinctions between the sin-offering and the trespass-offering.
I. The sin-offering emphasized Substitution, while the trespass-offering emphasized satisfaction.
These two aspects of our Lord’s redemptive work are vital. It was not only necessary that a Substitute be found who was willing to suffer all the wrath of God for us, that Substitute must be One who could and would satisfy the infinite righteousness and justice of God for all his people. Blessed be the Lord our God, he has found such a Substitute in the Lord Jesus Christ.—“By mercy and truth iniquity is purged” (Pro. 16:6).
[Job 33:24] "Then he is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom."
[Psalms 89:14] "Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go before thy face."
[Psalms 89:19] "Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people."
Complete atonement Christ has made, And to the utmost price has paid
All that His people owed! God’s wrath on me can never fall
Since Christ for me has born it all! He paid the debt I owed!
Payment God cannot twice demand, First, at my bleeding Surety’s hand, And then again at mine!
II. The sin-offering dealt with the sinner, while the trespass-offering dealt with his sins.
God’s law requires that we love God with all our heart, soul, mind, and strength, and that we love our neighbor as ourselves. Any act, therefore, done against God or man is trespass against God. If we wrong God or man by what we do we trespass, or transgress the law of God.
A. The law of the typical trespass-offering tells us five things about sin.
1. All sin is against God.
This chapter talks about sins, all sorts of sins, sins of ignorance, of uncleanness, of deceit, of theft, and sins in the holy things of the Lord. Yet, all are described as trespasses against God.
[Psalms 51:1-4] "Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions.  Wash me thoroughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.  For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is ever before me.  Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest."
Let me give you a brief explanation of some of the specific acts of sin described in Leviticus 5 and 6. I mention these only because the reading of the texts in our English translation is not as clear as it could be.
[Leviticus 5:1] "And if a soul sin, and hear the voice of swearing, and is a witness, whether he hath seen or known of it; if he do not utter it, then he shall bear his iniquity."
This verse is talking about perjury before one of the judges of the people. It is not talking about hearing profanity. And it is not telling us that we ought to go around blabbing about evil to which we are eye or ear witnesses. We ought to cover the faults of others, not expose them. But in a court of law, if called as a witness, a man was (and is) required to tell the truth, not matter how dearly he loved the person on trial.
[Leviticus 5:4] "Or if a soul swear, pronouncing with his lips to do evil, or to do good, whatsoever it be that a man shall pronounce with an oath, and it be hid from him; when he knoweth of it, then he shall be guilty in one of these."
This is talking about what we would call, “running off at the mouth,” or “overloading the mouth before the brain is engaged.” It is talking about one who makes rash vows, either of doing evil or of doing good, vows pronounced with an oath, invoking the name of God – (Jephthah’s Vow). Let us ever pray that the Lord God might set a watch before our mouths and keep the door of our lips (Ps. 141:3). "Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to utter any thing before God: for God is in heaven, and thou upon earth: therefore let thy words be few" (Ecc. 5:2).
[Leviticus 6:2] "If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceived his neighbour…"
This gives us some specific specimens of fraud: -- Lying, Deception, -- and Theft. The word translated “fellowship” would be better translated “dealing.” It is talking about deceiving someone in business.
Whatever the trespass is, it is against God, a violation of his law, a denial of his right to be God.
2. Sin is a very costly thing.
3. Sin brings us into debt at the bar of God.
4. Sin’s debt must and shall be paid. – “The wages of sin is death!”
5. The only way we can both be forgiven of our sins and our debt be paid is by the sacrifice of Christ, our sin-atoning, justice-satisfying Substitute.
The trespass-offering was required, not because of what the man was, but because of what he had done. The sin-offering was required because of what he was. In requiring the sin-offering, the Lord mentioned specific people as sinners, but made no mention of their sins. Here, he makes no mention of anyone in particular, but deals with acts of sin, trespasses. – Willful Sins and Sins of Ignorance.
B. The fact that mention is made regarding sins of ignorance, tells us that we are all totally incompetent to determine what is and is not sin.
“It is a very grave error to suppose that, provided a man acts up to the dictates of his conscience, he is all right and safe. The peace which rests upon such a foundation as this will be eternally destroyed when the light of the judgment-seat shines upon the conscience.” – C. H. Mackintosh
Man is totally incompetent to know the evil that he has done, how much less the evil that he is! We call light darkness and darkness light, and think we are right. We call good evil and evil good, and are dead sure our judgment is right. But it is not so.
1. A man can be unclean, or do an unclean thing, and not know it; but he is still guilty (vv. 2-3).
2. A person can speak rashly with his mouth and be ignorant of it; but he is still guilty (v. 4).
3. Verse 17 tells us that a man can violate the law of God and be unaware of his trespass (How often we do!); but he is still guilty.
4. Look at verse 15, and come face to face with this shocking truth: -- We often, in ignorance, commit trespass and sin in the worship and service of our God! – Even our holy things are polluted!
[Ecclesiastes 5:2] "Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine heart be hasty to utter any thing before God: for God is in heaven, and thou upon earth: therefore let thy words be few."
C. But here is the good news of the gospel given in the legal type of the trespass-offering: -- All manner of sin is forgiven by our great God!
[Leviticus 5:17-18] "And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the LORD; though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity.  And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his ignorance wherein he erred and wist it not, and it shall be forgiven him."
Five times, the Lord God declares, “It shall be forgiven!” I think it is safe to assume that “It shall be forgiven!”
1. Three things are essential. None shall ever have forgiveness without these three things
· The sinner must be convinced of his sin.
· The sinner must confess his sin.
· Atonement must be made for the sinner and his sin.
2. But, blessed be God, where these three things are found, forgiveness is sure!
[Isaiah 43:25] "I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins."
[Isaiah 44:22] "I have blotted out, as a thick cloud, thy transgressions, and, as a cloud, thy sins: return unto me; for I have redeemed thee."
[Isaiah 48:9] "For my name's sake will I defer mine anger, and for my praise will I refrain for thee, that I cut thee not off."
[Jeremiah 50:20] "In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none; and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found: for I will pardon them whom I reserve."
[Acts 13:38-39] "Be it known unto you therefore, men and brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins:  And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses."
It is God against whom we have sinned, who made atonement for sin, convinces us of sin, and convinces us of atonement, satisfaction, and forgiveness by the sacrifice of his darling Son, the Lord Jesus Christ.
III. The sin-offering was an offering of blood only, while the trespass-offering both blood and money.
Whether a man robbed God in worship or robbed his neighbor by fraud, the Lord God required, “He shall make amends for the harm that he hath done…He shall restore that which he took violently away.” This was to be done by adding to his blood sacrifice the priest’s “estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary” (v. 15). To this, “the fifth part” more was added (5:15-16; 6:5-6).
The measurement of the silver by which atonement was made was not man’s measure, but God’s, “the shekel of the sanctuary.” In other words, God’s demands were measured out by God himself, exacted by God, and paid to God. Here is the measurement of the sanctuary: – “The precious blood of Christ!”
IV. In the sin-offering no restitution was required; but in the trespass-offering restitution was made and then some. – A fifth part was added!
Reckon what that means? Turn to Genesis 47, and I will show you. The first time these words “fifth part” are used in Scripture is here in Genesis 47. You know the story. Pharaoh was king over Egypt and Joseph was his prime minister. Before the seven years of famine, Pharaoh was possessor of the land and the people were his servants. Yet, they were, in a sense, somewhat independent of him until Joseph did something for the people in Pharaoh’s name.
[Genesis 47:18-26] "When that year was ended, they came unto him the second year, and said unto him, We will not hide it from my lord, how that our money is spent; my lord also hath our herds of cattle; there is not ought left in the sight of my lord, but our bodies, and our lands:  Wherefore shall we die before thine eyes, both we and our land? buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants unto Pharaoh: and give us seed, that we may live, and not die, that the land be not desolate.  And Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for the Egyptians sold every man his field, because the famine prevailed over them: so the land became Pharaoh's.  And as for the people, he removed them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof.  Only the land of the priests bought he not; for the priests had a portion assigned them of Pharaoh, and did eat their portion which Pharaoh gave them: wherefore they sold not their lands.  Then Joseph said unto the people, Behold, I have bought you this day and your land for Pharaoh: lo, here is seed for you, and ye shall sow the land.  And it shall come to pass in the increase, that ye shall give the fifth part unto Pharaoh, and four parts shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for your food, and for them of your households, and for food for your little ones.  And they said, Thou hast saved our lives: let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh's servants.  And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt unto this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifth part; except the land of the priests only, which became not Pharaoh's."
A. The fifth part was a declaration by the forgiven sinner that he now belonged to God by another claim – THE CLAIM OF REDEMPTION!
[1 Corinthians 6:9-11] "Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind,  Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.  And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God."
[1 Corinthians 6:19-20] "What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?  For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's."
B. This added fifth part also tells us that both God against whom the trespass was made and the man who was injured by it were gainers in the end!
Here is the glory of the cross. – “Where sin abounded, grace did much more abound!” The trespass-offering declares, “Because sin abounded, grace did much more abound!” Yes, I have chosen my words deliberately. Both God and man have gained more by the forgiveness of sin through the blood of Christ than was lost by the sin and fall of our father Adam.
1. The holy Lord God has gained more by redemption than ever he lost (if I can be permitted to use such language) by the fall.
The Lord God reaps a richer harvest of glory in the fields grace than he could ever have reaped in the garden of innocence (Eph. 1:3-14; 2:7). The sons of God raise a more lofty song of praise around the empty tomb of the crucified Christ than we could ever have raised in the garden of Eden. The injury done by sin has not only been perfectly atoned for and remedied by the blood of Christ, but God has gained by the cross the praise of the glory of his grace!
[Psalms 76:10] "Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee: the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain."
This is a stupendous truth. God, the eternal, triune, holy Lord God, has gotten himself great gain by the work accomplished by our all-glorious Christ at Calvary!
Who could ever have conceived such a thing? When we see man and the creation over which he was lord laid in a heap of ruins at the feet of Satan, how could we ever imagine that from amid those ruins the great God of Glory would gather a crown for his holy head which could not be gotten in any other way?
· Oh, let the crucified Christ hold all the affection of our hearts. -- He deserves it!
· Let every knee bow to the crucified Son of God and every tongue confess his praises forever. – He deserves it!
2. Now, hold onto your seat. – Not only is it true that God is the Gainer by the fall, we are too!
Martin Luther understood what I am trying to preach to you. He said, with regard to Adam’s sin in the Garden, “O blessed fall!” Had there been no fall, no sin, no condemnation, there we could never have known the wonders of redemption. Had there been no fall, no sin, no condemnation, there we could never have known the glories of grace. Therefore, we most gladly say to our Lord Jesus Christ, as the Egyptians said to Joseph, “Thou hast saved our lives: we have found grace in the sight of our lord, and we will be thy servants forever!” Amen.
 In Leviticus 5:11-12, though the law here is talking about the trespass-offering, the sacrifice offered is called “a sin offering”. Both the sin-offering and the trespass-offering were required sacrifices, sacrifices which the Lord God demanded. Whereas the burnt-offering (acceptance with God), the meat-offering (consecration to God), and the peace-offering (peace with God) were optional, free-will sacrifices of gratitude and praise.
[i] Danville – Sunday Morning June 3, 2001 – Bethel Baptist Church, Spring Lake, NC, June 10, 2001 – Rescue Baptist Church, Rescue, CA July 7, 2001